A new study aimed to demonstrate that continuous wound infiltration (CWI) is not inferior to continuous intravenous fentanyl (IV) in providing pain relief, and also ..
A recent study aimed to assess the utility of spot urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR)––measured between 17 and 24 weeks of gestation––in predicting the subseque..
A recent study aimed to compare the outcomes of emergency and elective cervical cerclage in singleton and twin pregnancies – over five years at a tertiary care perin..
In India, there is a significant prevalence of nutritional anemia caused by deficiencies in iron, folic acid, and vitamin B12. The National Anaemia Control Program..
Cardiotocography is widely used to assess fetal well-being during pregnancy and labor. Previous guidelines had focused on managing the most severe waveform, neglec..
A 36-year-old lady, P3L3A1, who had undergone three previous cesarean sections (LSCS) with retained placenta and experienced profuse vaginal bleeding––including a fe..
A recent study focused on the occurrence of endometrial cavity fluid in Assisted reproductive technique (ART) cases.This was a prospective randomized controlled tri..
Preterm birth is a significant issue in developing countries, causing neonatal and infant morbidity and mortality. In southern India, the prevalence of preterm del..
Fetal growth restriction (FGR), oligohydramnios, and preeclampsia are significant contributors to both neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality, occurring in 8-..
Obesity is a significant public health concern, resembling an epidemic due to its prevalence across various demographic groups without discrimination based on age,..
The Rotterdam criteria are widely used to diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and Transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) plays an important part. The identifying fe..
A new study aimed to assess whether elective single embryo transfer is less effective in achieving pregnancy rates compared to double embryo transfer in patients w..
A 27-year-old pregnant woman presented with pain, swelling, and bleeding from her left foot and reduced fetal movement after enduring a snake bite. The lady w..
A recent research investigation examined the safety and practicality of administering a low-concentration carbohydrate solution to patients with gestational diabetes..
The presence of meconium in the intrauterine environment during childbirth can arise from factors such as fetal hypoxia or could simply indicate the natural maturati..
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are the hidden offenders that have entered our daily lives, silently altering our endocrine system and causing numerous adverse..
Handling the aftercoming head in obstetrics can be quite challenging, and its entrapment is often a daunting situation for obstetricians. To prevent such scenarios, ..
Infertility is a pervasive issue affecting women worldwide, leading to countless cases of reproductive challenges every year. This study sought to assess the efficac..
A recent study aimed to investigate the connection between atherogenic dyslipidemia and preeclampsia development during pregnancy – which could subsequently increase..
The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is often used as an indicator of healthcare quality. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mor..
Prenatal screening using dual and quadruple marker testing is a cost-effective approach, but it has its limitations, potentially leading to false positives and neg..
Placenta accreta, an obstetric emergency associated with life-threatening risks, can also complicate abortions in the first and second trimesters – presenting as exc..
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a pervasive endocrine disorder affecting millions of women worldwide. It affects approximately 5% to 10% of women of reproductive..
Labor pain ranks among the most agonizing experiences for women. The use of pain relief measures during labor is crucial not only to alleviate maternal distress but ..
Recurrent pregnancy loss has a detrimental impact on the natural conception process, leading to adverse reproductive outcomes. While preimplantation genetic testing ..
Evidence suggests that conception through fertility treatments precipitates higher stress and anxiety levels compared to natural conception. Hence, women who undergo..
Cervical cancer is a significant public health concern, especially in developing countries, where approximately 80% of cases are diagnosed. Despite being a preventab..
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), a prevalent endocrinopathy affecting 11.2% of reproductive-age women, is associated with metabolic and reproductive issues. In In..
Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) is characterized by hormonal imbalances, metabolic irregularities, and reproductive concerns. However, growing age-related concerns..
A recent study compared the efficacy of oral Mifepristone with that of intracervical Foley catheterization for induction of labor in term pregnancy. It also compared..
Women with obesity face fertility issues and also have limited access to fertility treatments. A recent paper provides the following guidelines in this regard-BMI as..
Intrauterine infection during pregnancy triples the risk of postpartum hemorrhage and severe PPH and increases the likelihood of maternal blood transfusion by two to..
The present study evaluated whether triglyceride and glucose (TyG) indices are useful in identifying insulin sensitivity/resistance in women with polycystic ovary sy..
Natural childbirth is a remarkable and natural process, but it does come with potential risks, particularly to the perineum, where tears or episiotomies can occur...
Infertile women undergoing frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles may not experience optimal endometrial growth with estrogens alone. Hence, the present study evaluated..
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was meant to achieve fertilization in cases of severe male factor infertility. However, it is often used in cases of non-male..
A report describes a case of a 27-year-old primigravid woman in the 22nd week of gestation, parity 0/0/0/0 with no relevant medical history, who presented with acute..
Infertility is a profound source of socioeconomic stress among numerous couples. Despite remarkable technological advancements in the field of assisted reproduction,..
Trisomy 13 (Patau's syndrome), a chromosomal abnormality, has a poor prognosis. Fetal ultrasound helps in the early detection of trisomy 13. The present study descri..
The superiority of fondaparinux over low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in treating recurrent miscarriages is debatable. The present study comprehensively compared ..
Postpartum is a challenging phase of life, marked by transformations both within and outside the body. Kumari A et al. emphasized this phase's frequently neglected a..
The abnormally sited placenta can be a fatal condition for pregnant women, and hence early diagnosis and management is crucial to decrease mortality and morbidity.A ..
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) represents a combination of hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation, and polycystic ovaries. It may lead to hirsutism and anovulator..
A report describes a case of a 15-year-old female gravida 1 para 0 (G1P0) who presented with shortness of breath. Her first-trimester sonography indicated the fetus ..
Myths about oral health during pregnancy are widespread and significantly affect pregnant women's dental habits and behaviors. Prabhudessai S. et al. explored miscon..
High blood pressure can occur in 5-10% of pregnancies and is a leading factor in perinatal mortality. The perinatal mortality rate is estimated to be three to five t..
The present study assessed and compared the efficacy and safety of mifepristone and misoprostol combination versus misoprostol alone for second-trimester termination..
Hyperemesis gravidarum, a severe form of morning sickness that affects a subset of pregnant women, has long been recognized for its debilitating physical effects. Ho..
Urbanization and industrialization in both developing and developed countries have increased environmental toxins, such as PM2.5, PM10, NO2, and ozone, that can affe..
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a frequently occurring yet not fully comprehended vaginal infection caused by multiple microorganisms. It commonly occurs in women in the..
A report describes the case of a 28-year-old woman, with a unicornuate uterus and multiple mid-trimester losses, with two failed McDonald’s cerclage. She presented w..
Preterm birth is a significant concern in obstetric care; both vaginal progesterone and cervical cerclage have been identified as effective interventions for its pre..
Anemia remains a prevalent and manageable issue among pregnant women worldwide, contributing to maternal and perinatal mortality. A recent study compared the efficac..
Gestational diabetes is characterized by varying degrees of carbohydrate intolerance that develop or are first recognized during pregnancy. Diabetes in Pregnancy Stu..
Cervico-isthmic pregnancy (CIP) poses a significant risk for placenta accreta, particularly with advancing gestational age. A 33-year-old primigravid woman was diagn..
Maternal health in India is undergoing a significant shift as the country moves towards an obstetric transition. This transition entails not only a sustained reducti..
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a complex hormonal disorder affecting women of reproductive age, characterized by hyperandrogenism, enlarged cystic ovaries, an..
Labor induction, the artificial stimulation of uterine contractions, plays a significant role in modern obstetric practices. Mifepristone, a synthetic steroid hormon..
Over the course of two decades, the debate surrounding the safest laparoscopic entry technique has remained unresolved, lacking a consensus. To address this knowledg..
Anemia during pregnancy is associated with various maternal and fetal complications, including a higher risk of intrauterine growth retardation, prematurity, low b..
A report describes a case of a 34-years young, nulliparous woman who presented with a 34 weeks size mass abdomen which was of 6 months duration. She documented regul..
Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is a significant concern in pregnant and postpartum populations, and various international guidelines aim to provide recommendations for..
The present study compared the rates of surgical-site infections following continuous, with interrupted, subcutaneous tissue closure technique during cesarean delive..
A report describes a case of a 34-year-old primigravida at 37 weeks + 5 days POG who came in latent labor. A term scan demonstrated a fibroid of 11x 9 cm in the post..
Hirsutism, the excessive growth of hair in women, can be a distressing condition that affects their physical appearance and self-esteem. It is commonly associated wi..
Preterm birth poses significant risks to both maternal and neonatal health, with limited preventive strategies available, often requiring substantial resources. In 2..
Gestational diabetes is a growing concern worldwide. Researchers have recently explored the potential benefits of myo-inositol, a naturally occurring sugar found in ..
A report describes a case of a 23-year-old woman with a BMI of 18.2 kg/m2 who was admitted due to the presence of endometrial polyps (EPs) that had been detected ove..
Preconception diabetes has long been recognized as a significant risk factor for adverse birth outcomes. However, there is still a limited understanding of the eff..
Acne vulgaris and hirsutism are prevalent and distressing issues among females with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Effective treatment options are available; howe..
Vulvar discomfort and pathological leucorrhoea are common concerns in women with nonspecific vaginitis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, and bacterial vaginosis. This resea..
The patient presented with a 1-month history of vaginal discharge, initially suspected to be a yeast infection. However, further evaluation by her local provider rev..
Hirsutism – characterized by excessive terminal hair growth, can be caused by various factors. Predisposing factors for such male-pattern hair growth include – polyc..
European guidelines established several recommendations regarding the administration of corticosteroids for pregnant women:Corticosteroids may be given to pregnant w..
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common opportunistic infection in women, primarily caused by Candida albicans. A recent study aimed to identify the risk fac..
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that affects the upper genital tract in women, causing conditions like endometritis and salpingitis. Most cases are..
Preterm birth is a significant contributor to neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet current therapies offer limited efficacy in delaying birth and improvin..
Vaginitis is a common diagnosis in gynecological practice, with bacterial vaginitis (BV) being the most prevalent. The condition often stems from vaginal dysbiosis. ..
This comprehensive literature review investigated the reciprocal relationship between gestational diabetes (GD) and depression. The study examined GD in relation to ..
A 30-year-old woman presented with a history of infertility. The couple has tried unprotected copulation for several years. They had also undergone by multiple unsuc..
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a debilitating condition that affects many new mothers. Previous research has suggested that some women may be at increased risk of PP..
Astaxanthin (ASX) is a natural carotenoid compound that is found in numerous seafood and microorganisms. It induces several possible advantageous therapeutic effects..
Obesity has long been associated with a higher risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery, including the need for cesarean section. However, the role of ges..
A report describes a case of a 21-year-old woman who presented at 34 weeks of her first pregnancy for a routine prenatal check-up with unremarkable Past medical hist..
The rising prevalence of diabetes in pregnancy is a cause for concern, with numerous adverse outcomes for both mother and baby. In particular, the delivery of a larg..
The present study evaluated the association between the dimension of deviation from appropriate gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse maternofetal outcomes in wo..
In recent years, several observational studies and animal clinical trials have established a connection between nutrition during different stages of life and the dev..
Acne vulgaris is a common problem for women during pregnancy and lactation due to hormonal and physiological changes that occur during these stages. Many effective a..
The commencement of the present study followed an increase in reports of menstrual disturbances post-vaccination and a lack of adequate inclusion of questions about ..
The present report describes a case of a 36-year-old primipara admitted at 39 weeks of gestation for labor induction to indicate a small-for-gestational-age fetus an..
Intrauterine passage of meconium may emerge due to fetal hypoxia or may merely indicate a normal gastrointestinal tract maturation. Umbilical cord blood pH is the be..
Infertility has now become a major problem in reproductive lives globally, detecting numerous females as infertile annually. The present study evaluated the efficacy..
Metformin is considered the gold standard insulin sensitizer and is popularly used to treat insulin resistance in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), yet it may cause ..
The year of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic saw an altered sense of loneliness among new mothers. A recent study aimed to assess a new mother’s perspect..
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) contributes to nearly 35% of maternal fatalities worldwide. In 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended tranexamic acid coul..
Preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are common complications associated with pregnancy, which affect birth outcomes and are linked to a long-term ca..
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a persistent metabolic illness resulting either from insulin deficiency or peripheral tissue resistance. DM makes the most prevalent compli..
The term before and during pregnancy is an important stage for addressing malnutrition. It can help lower the risk of noncommunicable diseases in mothers and the pas..
The present study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of a ketamine-based anesthesia package to support emergency cesarean section in the unavailability of an ane..
Healthcare providers treating lactating women for nipple and breast pain often regard these symptoms as Candida albicans infections. However, multiple other conditio..
A report describes a case of a 52-year-old postmenopausal, multiparous woman who presented with a 2-day history of lower abdominal pain refractory to oral analgesia ..
The physiological and immunological changes in pregnancy makes the pregnant women more susceptible to respiratory viral infections, including COVID-19, than non-preg..
The present study assessed the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety of uterine balloon tamponade in managing postpartum hemorrhage.It searched electronic databases an..
Breastfeeding renders undeniable advantages; however, painful, sore nipples upset the mothers and may lead to stopping nursing before the commended time. Hence ..
A report describes a case of a 32-year-old White female who presented with a history of hormonal imbalance, including stage IV endometriosis, fibroids, infertility, ..
There is a lack of consensus regarding whether to prescribe prophylactic antibiotics in conjunction with manual placenta removal. The present study investigated the ..
Multiple studies have shown an association between breastfeeding and a reduced risk of epithelial ovarian Cancer. However, it remains unclear whether this risk reduc..
A report describes a case of a 17-year-old Taiwanese female who presented to the gynecology clinic with complaints of primary amenorrhea and the absence of secondary..
The risk of spontaneous preterm labor is increased 4-folds in pregnant women diagnosed with cervical polyp in in the first trimester of pregnancy and which are not r..
Vitamin D supplementation is widely prescribed for many lifestyles related and metabolic disorders. The present study assessed the status of Vitamin D concerning met..
Pelvic pain (PP) is a common complaint among pregnant women, which may arise due to several diseases, including obstetrics, gynecological, gastrointestinal, genitour..
Introduction Today in the world of investigations we have nearly forgotten the clinical diagnosis and presentation of some diseases and sometimes go for unneces..
Recommending maternal supplementation during lactation is usually unnecessary unless the mother's diet is inadequate. Continuing prenatal vitamins postpartum is gene..
Depression during pregnancy could affect the mother's health and breastfeeding efficacy. The present study determined the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy(CBT..
A recent study tested the hypothesis that combined wake + light therapy improves mood in pregnant vs. postpartum depressed participants (DP) by differentially alteri..
A report describes a case of a 35-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 1, who had undergone bilateral Uterine artery embolization (UAE) with a gelatin sponge for postpartu..
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), an endocrinological disorder, is common among women of childbearing age. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), an acute respirator..
Magnesium and melatonin exert multiple beneficial effects like anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions. The present study determined the effects of magnesium and/o..
A recent report describes a case of an 18-year-old nulligravida who initially presented with a complaint of 2 years of infertility and a known uterine septum. She re..
Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) may cause offspring allergic disorders. However, associations observed in previous stu..
Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) from 2020, state that the average age of pregnant women in the United States is still rising. Observat..
A report describes a case of a 36-year-old G6P5005 with no prenatal care and a spontaneous twin pregnancy of unknown chorionicity who presented with altered mental s..
The present study describes the pregnancy outcomes of patients who experienced pre-viable and peri-viable pre-labor rupture of membranes (PROM) after treating twin–t..
A rise in the number of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) among pregnant women is recorded annually. Yet, the pathogenesis of AD during pregnancy remains unclear...
A report describes a case of a 19-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 1, admitted at 37 weeks of gestation with breech presentation. She suffered pregnancy complications..
The postpartum period also carries the time risk for the emergence of maternal postpartum depression. However, little is known about the overall maternal outcomes of..
Gestational weight gain (GWG), a modifiable risk factor, is associated with adverse birth outcomes. Studies have shown that providing multiple micronutrient suppleme..
The present study observed the effects of massage in supporting a mother in her pregnancy after a previous stillbirth. The client’s goal varied throughout her pregna..
Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis (PAO) is a rare condition featuring skeletal fragility affecting women during pregnancy or postpartum. Normal pregnancy and lactati..
Evidence illustrates maternal intake, absorption, distribution, tissue-specific concentrations, and pregnancy outcomes with folic acid (fortification/supplementation..
The present study critically appraised and synthesized the best available evidence on the effectiveness of massage in reducing antenatal women's anxiety and/ or depr..
A report describes a case of a 46-year-old gravida 3, para 3-0-0-3 woman who presented with the inability to void completely for the last two days. She was anuric at..
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) remains the top cause of maternal death globally. Multiple uterotonic medications are available to prevent PPH; however, it is still unkn..
A recent study investigated the effect of sacral massage on the presence of meconium-stained amniotic fluid and the duration of fetal descent during labor in pregnan..
A recent study proved the potentialities of an integrated and sensorized childbirth platform as an innovative simulator for inexperienced gynecologists and obstetric..
A report describes a case of a 35-year-old patient who presented with persistent bleeding for over five weeks. She described a long history of dysmenorrhea and heavy..
Vitamin D supplementation in pregnancy improves neonatal calcium metabolism and weight gain. It is given as 400 international units (IU) per day and increased to 100..
A recent study compared the success rates and safety of two doses of methotrexate versus a single dose of methotrexate in ectopic tubal pregnancy.It included 100 wom..
There has been an association between the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-producing lactobacilli in the vagina and decreased rates of preterm birth & HIV acquis..
A report describes a case of a 43-year-old pregnant woman with a history of spontaneous vaginal delivery at term with no complications who presented at 33 weeks of g..
Pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with early breast cancer links with better survival. In the meantime, post-neoa..
A recent study elucidated the effects of neuraxial analgesia on labor in women classified based on the Robson classification system. It retrospectively reviewed the ..
A recent study compared conventional PAP smears (CPS) and liquid-based cytology (LBC) for cervical carcinoma screening at a tertiary care hospital. It included 265 w..
Initial trials of the COVID-19 vaccines excluded pregnant persons, which later caused their emergency use authorizations in the United States. Gray et al. demonstrat..
Patients who unintentionally became pregnant while taking a teratogenic drug could choose to have an abortion before late June. However, on October 7, 13 states bann..
It is crucial to prevent prenatal exposure to teratogenic drugs. With the US Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act in 2007, the US Food and Drug Administration..
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a serious and the most common birth defect; it affects 6-8% of all live births. Newborns with major CHD require a surgical procedur..
A new study published in Obstetrics and Gynecology evaluated fixed-dose versus weight-based enoxaparin dosing in optimizing the anti-Xa leve..
The goal of a study was to test the hypothesis that increased maternal body mass index (BMI) is associated with longer operative and anesthesia times, greater matern..
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a frequent metabolic complication of pregnancy. Its incidence is increasing worldwide, with 5–25% of pregnancies diagnosed wit..
Urge urinary incontinence (UUI) is the involuntary leakage of urine featuring urgency, frequency, and nocturia. Its current management strategies include behavioral ..
A recent retrospective analytical study evaluated the risk factors and feto-maternal outcomes in mothers with Gestational diabetes mellitus. It included Antenatal pa..
A report describes a case of a 35-year-old woman, para 3, who presented with acute menorrhagia. She described a history of three prior cesarean sections, with the la..
A recent analysis published in Obstetrics & Gynecology considers screening for hepatitis B antibodies and vaccinating pregnant women without immunity to be a cost-ef..
A report describes a case of a 24-year-old unbooked primigravida who was 40 weeks post-date and had a spontaneous conception. She presented symptoms and signs of sev..
Laser technologies are rapidly emerging as a treatment option for numerous vaginal conditions, including vaginal atrophy, dryness, dyspareunia, pelvic pain, urinary ..
After all those tough ships through the history-making pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is time to consider the historical lessons about the vacci..
We still lack knowledge about the impact of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection on female fertility since the level of evidence associating these factors ..
A report describes a case of a 46-year-old gravida 0 woman who came for a hydrosalpinx that she incidentally found a month ago. She was asymptomatic, without any com..
Groenen CJM et al. recently assessed the usefulness of a personal health record (PHR) in routine maternity care to improve the active participation of pregnant women..
Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare but serious infection complicating pregnancy. However, its management and outcomes in this population remain unclear.A recent s..
A recent study compared pregnancy, miscarriage, and live birth rates and cycle monitoring parameters between Natural Cycle (NC-FET) and Hormone replacement cycle (HR..
Leptin is produced by the white adipose tissue and the placenta during pregnancy. The pathophysiology of several disorders of reproduction and gestation, including p..
Discrimination between precocious puberty (PP) and premature thelarche (PT) is difficult. Hormonal testing (i.e., the GnRH stimulation test) is considered the gold s..
IntroductionThe outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has received much attention due to its multi-systemic effects, including COVID-19-related neurologic ..
A recent study aimed to design a standardized sonographic evaluation and reporting system for Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) in the first trimester, for use by both g..
Simulation is beneficial and effective in the intimate educational setting of transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS). Further, dyad learning (learning in pairs) has shown to..
A report describes a case of a 14-year-old girl who presented with primary amenorrhea and lower abdominal pain with a cyclical increase in severity for three months,..
Uterine adenomyosis is a commonly encountered estrogen-dependent disease in reproductive-age women, causing heavy menstrual bleeding, intense pelvic pain, and infert..
Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disorder defined by the presence of endometrium-like tissue in any extrauterine site, even those distant to the uterus, includ..
Perineal tear is a tissue lesion that occurs during vaginal delivery and is classified into four degrees: First-degree affects only the vaginal mucosa or perineal sk..
Abdominal pregnancy has historically been defined as implantation in the peritoneal cavity, exclusive of tubal, ovarian, or intraligamentary pregnancy. Abdominal pre..
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is an important public health intervention for child health and survival. WHO recommends EBF for the first 6 months of life to achieve ..
Uterine leiomyomas are common, nonmalignant, gonadal steroid-dependent, monoclonal neoplasms. They are reported in about 70–80% of premenopausal women. Although many..
Maternal sleep-disordered breathing and sleep disruption possess adverse effects on pregnancy outcomes via numerous potential pathophysiologic pathways. A recent stu..
A report describes a case of a 25-year-old patient, Gravida 2, Para 1 with one living issue, with 2 months amenorrhea, who presented with bleeding per vaginum for 5 ..
Spontaneous preterm birth causes a major burden of childhood morbidity and mortality. The incomplete understanding of the molecular pathways that result in spontaneo..
Health practitioners caring for pregnant women and neonates frequently encounter placental histopathological reports with esoteric diagnostic entities of contentious..
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) emerge as the commonest medical complication and metabolic disorder of pregnancy, showing a global prevalence of between 2% and 6..
Nearly 0.7%-3.34% of women experience multiple pregnancies globally. This variation is mainly due to increased use of assisted reproductive techniques, maternal age ..
The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol after a Cesarean section (CC) recommends fast mobilization of a patient along with providing psychological comfor..
The major burden of maternal mortality and morbidity is caused by immediate postpartum hemorrhage (IPPH), especially in developing countries. These limited resources..
A report describes a case of a 22-year-old primiparous female with a past medical history significant for repaired Tetralogy of Fallot, asthma, bronchiectasis, and p..
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is one of the most commonly used preparations in regenerative medicine. Regenerative medicine combines elements of molecular biology and t..
Preservation of female fertility is a fairly new domain in medicine that has grown very rapidly in recent years. Initially, embryo freezing stayed the most effective..
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is reported in about 5% of deliveries. Its First-line treatment involves pharmacological measures, intrauterine tamponade, uterine artery..
Endometriosis – characterized by the presence of extra-uterine endometrial-like tissue, is common among women of reproductive age. Its prevalence is 10% and various ..
HELLP syndrome – a severe pregnancy complication associated with hypertension, is characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets. The conditio..
A recent study published in Midwifery investigated whether trait mindfulness during pregnancy may have a beneficial effect on breastfeeding intention.This was a pros..
Breastfeeding is a key maternal activity, and the quality of this experience makes a substantial contribution to biological, social-emotional, and cognitive well-bei..
Urinary incontinence refers to loss of bladder control, varying from slight loss of urine after sneezing, coughing or laughing, to complete inability to control urin..
ABSTRACTPelvic exenteration is an ultra-radical surgical procedure that requires an en-bloc removal of some or all pelvic structures. The major indication for pelvic..
Background - A tubo-ovarian abscess is a complex infectious mass of the adnexa manifested with multiple clinical conditions such as fever, elevated WBC count, lower ..
Insufficiency of endogenous progesterone occurs in Luteal Phase Defect (LPD) which makes it difficult to maintain a functional secretory endometrium. Further, it als..
The incidence of multifetal gestations is increasing dramatically over the past several decades, which may be due to 1) a shift toward an older maternal age at conce..
Initial embryo transfer if followed by Embryo selection with preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) may see pregnancy outcomes. However, how much PGT..
Advantages of minimally invasive surgery are – shorter length of hospital stay, faster recovery, lower incidence of surgical site infections, less postoperative pain..
Placental insufficiency can lead to impaired fetal growth and can impose adverse perinatal outcomes. Interventions to alter these pathophysiologic outcomes are lacki..
Fertility preservation can sometimes be challenging if the patients have a life-threatening disease or a problematic clinical predicament. One such example is the pa..
The Majority of the women suffering from any form of gestational trophoblastic disease can be successfully diagnosed and treated with preservation of their reproduct..
Adverse events (AEs) come hand to hand in nearly every medical care. Obstetrics is unique as it encompasses a much heightened expectation concerning safety and inclu..
SlowflowHD, a recent ultrasound Doppler imaging technology, permits evaluating flow even in tiny blood vessels. a proprietary algorithm separates low-speed flow from..
A report describes a case of a 36-year-old female, G2P0A1, who presented with transvaginal bleeding with clots and abdominal pain, located in the hypogastric region...
Caffeine is an addictive substance which is consumed on a regular basis by many pregnant women. Thus women must be advised founded on the available evidence regardin..
A Randomized Trial of Induction Versus Expectant Management (ARRIVE) trial has shown a reduction in adverse perinatal outcomes among low-risk nulliparous women at 39..
Trainee and residency program performances can be evaluated by employing multiple tools including Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) standa..
Joint efforts of The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (ISUOG), the Internatio..
Adenomyosis is characterized by the existence of endometrial epithelial and stromal cells within the myometrium. It is an enigmatic gynecological disorder and a hete..
Inflammation within the genital organs in women remains a crucial issue in gynecology and venereology. Understanding the factors contributing to the inflammatory pro..
Heart disease in pregnancy remains one of the prime causes of maternal mortality and morbidity in developing countries. However, the features of the disease differ b..
A report describes a case of a 52-year-old nulligravida woman who complained of intermittent vaginal spotting for 1 month, 2 years after menopause. She denied a hist..
During the pandemic, everyone was affected in one or the other way. The hospitals were overwhelmed with patients with Covid 19 while doctors were utilizing their nur..
The field of female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) is a relatively new subspecialty in Obs/Gyn and urology. International Urogynecology Associati..
With the development of imaging methods, a fusion of MRI and Ultrasound data has grown in popularity, in particular in intestinal and prostate imaging. This techniqu..
Sigmoidal volvulus is a rare incidence ranging from 1 in 1500 to 1 in 66,431 deliveries. It is an intestinal obstruction in pregnancy associated with significant mat..
Interventional radiology is an invasive procedure requiring clinical knowledge, non-vascular and vascular technical interventional ability, as well as imaging skills..
This meta-analysis aims to review postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) as a pregnancy complication, post-uterine artery embolization (UAE), by exploring the interrelation bet..
A 32-year-old woman underwent an urgent cesarean delivery at 35 weeks of gestation due to antepartum bleeding caused by placenta previa. Post-delivery, hysterectomy ..
Truncus arteriosus communis (TAC) is a rare conotruncal birth defect of the heart. Truncus arteriosus occurs in less than one out of every 10,000 live births. There ..
Interventional radiology is infiltrating almost all specialities of clinical care including the fields of gynecology and obstetrics. Imaging skills, clinical knowled..
Genitourinary syndrome (GUS) is a common disease after menopause and occurs due to a sharp decline in estrogen levels. the North American Menopause Society describes..
AbstractMucormycosis is a severe fungal infection which is rare in clinical practice. This infection is usually acquired by inhalation; other portals of entry are in..
The arrival and the rapid diffusion of new viral infections at the end of 2019 astonished the scientists. Gynecological Endocrinology (2020), via its editorial, expl..
A prospective interventional study was conducted to evaluate the level of awareness about Antenatal and Postnatal care in rural women and the need of appropriate int..
A team of researchers led by Dr. Pensée Wu, senior lecturer at Keele University's School of Medicine, have discovered that women who conceive with assisted reproduct..
Pregnancy implantation within previous caesarean scar is one of the rarest locations for an ectopic pregnancy. Incidence of caesarean section is increasing worldwide..
Mental health conditions during delivery hospitalizations are not well described. A recent study characterized the prevalence of maternal mental health condition dia..
Limited data exist on the Recurrence of adnexal torsion (rAT). Normal and small appearing ovaries are found to have an increased risk for rAT. However, updated data ..
The term TORCH includes well-identified causes of perinatal infections i.e. toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV). A TORCH ser..
AbstractIn cases of atretic lower vagina drainage of hematocolpos per se is inadequate as recurrent hematocolpos from restenosis is common. Surgical reconstruction i..
Pain management following cesarean delivery usually involves the use of opioid medications. However, these drugs are associated with major side effects, such as naus..
AbstractIntraperitoneal drains are usually inserted in abdominal surgery for the purpose of preventing fluid accumulation. However, the efficacy and safety of using ..
Abstract: Women on oral hormonal therapy for menorrhagia are at risk of cerebral venous thrombosis1 (CVT). This condition is characterized by intravascular clotting ..
Women with a previous cesarean delivery may opt for a subsequent vaginal birth or repeat cesarean. Vaginal birth after cesarean holds a more imminent risk of uterine..
The prevention and early diagnostics of precancerous stages hold a crucial position in contemporary oncology. The mutational topography of cancer is induced throug..
Tremendous scientific and technological achievements have caused revolutionization in the current medical era, changing how physicians practice their profession and ..
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