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We evidently know that human milk feeding restricts lung diseases in vulnerable neonates. A recent study by Moliner-Calderón E. et al. compared the need for mechanic..
There may be the existence of common inflammatory biomarkers linking obesity and asthma in children. However, laboratory and clinical characteristics of children wit..
Pediatric track and trigger tools (PTTTs) based on vital parameters witness their global use in assisting healthcare professionals in identifying signs of critical i..
Infants born preterm are highly susceptible to infectious diseases, which many factors may contribute to; however, the immature nature of the preterm immune system r..
Delays in advancing to biologic therapies may lead to adverse outcomes in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Insurer-mandated prior authorizations may cause prolonged..
Jaundice caused by hyperbilirubinemia is common during the neonatal period. Yet there are only a few Population-based studies evaluating assessment, management, and ..
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal emergency in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). It is also a major cause of preterm infant ..
Oxygen is the final electron acceptor in aerobic respiration, whose scarcity may cause bioenergetic failure and cell death. Thus, administration of supplemental conc..
Neonates and infants show different causes of hypercalcaemia, often distinct from those in older children and adults. Hypercalcaemia offers a wide range of symptoms,..
Haematopoiesis in the bone marrow (BM) regulates Blood and immune cell production in postnatal life. It first emerges in human BM at 11-12 post-conception weeks. How..
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a life-limiting inherited hemoglobinopathy that causes significant complications and affects the quality of life. Hematopoietic stem cel..
Researchers are now exploring the potential role of ultrasound for diagnosing pulmonary diseases because, traditionally, lungs have been considered unsuitable for ul..
A 3-year-old boy, complained of pain in both lower limbs for eight days and fever for seven days. He was apparently healthy and went to bed symptom-free and awoke in..
In the absence of commercially available, licensed, and age-specific dosage forms, extemporaneous compounding is a usual pharmacy practice. However, these preparatio..
The pharyngeal airway is a vital component of the respiratory system's function. Assessment of the pharyngeal airway dimensions in different skeletal types is essent..
AD is a complex disease demonstrating different clinical phenotypes, requiring an individualized and multidisciplinary approach. Only a few detailed guidelines direc..
Children with disabilities have more significant health needs and challenges accessing health care and education. Low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) are ..
The Head-related transfer function (HRTFs) is the Fourier transform of head-related impulse response that characterizes how an ear receives a sound from a point in s..
Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have become essential in evaluating care and clinical research. Therefore, clinicians and researchers need to use an age-ap..
BackgroundHepatic dysfunction in malaria has been known for many years, but hepatic encephalopathy is unusual. Jaundice has been found to be more common in falciparu..
Cross-sectional studies indicate that children suffering from chronic intestinal failure and receiving home parenteral nutrition carry an increased risk of impaired ..
Numerous alternative peripartum and neonatal practices are nowadays introduced in delivery settings. Pediatric providers may be queried about these practices during ..
In the initial days of hospitalization, preterm newborns receive combinations of breastfeeding, spoon/paladai feeding, and/or gavage feeding. Each of these methods m..
A report describes a case of a 5-year-old girl, who was previously healthy and presented with a one-week history of high-grade intermittent fever, headache, and righ..
Health requirement in school-age children includes healthy sleep, with adequate duration and continuity, consistent sleep onset and wake-up timing, along with the ab..
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in neonates (..
Preterm infants with premature rupture of membranes are often administered antibiotic treatment, however, the rates of early onset sepsis are lower. A recent study, ..
Preterm infants, born at 35-36 weeks, are often admitted to a level I unit (well-newborn maternity wards). However, they may still be physiologically immature.Infant..
Jaundice screening in the newborn period is mostly done with Transcutaneous bilirubin (TCB) monitoring. However, there are very less data on adjusting TCB for bias i..
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) leads to various neurologic symptoms, such as intractable epilepsy and neurodevelopmental disorders, including learning problems and..
A report describes a case of a 31-year-old female, gravida 3, para 2, who was referred for fetal cardiac evaluation at 22 weeks gestation since she had a maternal fa..
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), a chronic clinical-pathologic disease, is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal epithelium with esophageal dys..
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has played an integral role in characterizing patterns of structural, functional, and metabolic brain development. Additionally, stu..
Children’s rhythmic movements during the first year of life have a significant predictive validity for subsequent communicative development. Nevertheless, their func..
Preterm children have an increased risk of falling for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). But an early diagnosis of ASD is challenging because of the lesser reliability..
Temperament is a vibrant trait that can be moulded by maturity and environmental experiences. A recent study determined if and the extent to which temperament was pr..
The Children of today will be adults of tomorrow. It’s not the economical and natural resources but the quality of children and youth decides the kind of destiny tha..
After the coronavirus 2019 pandemic, Europe and America, several centers reported children presenting with an acute febrile illness accompanied by inflammation, gast..
Epilepsy is a frequent cause of pediatric hospitalization. In such cases, patient safety relies on prompt seizure first aid. A collaborative effort between physician..
The bioavailability of iron from different dietary iron sources varies.The goal of a study was to calculate the amount of bioavailable iron consumed among 6- to 12- ..
A new study published in JAMA Pediatrics examined the association between screen time exposure during infancy and the development of autism spectrum disord..
A 12-year-old girl presented with intermittent fever, generalized weakness, along with distension abdominal pain. She was diagnosed with a bilateral ovarian dysgermi..
COVID-19 pandemic has taught us the crucial role of immunity in children as well as in adults. It has also described a boosted expression of innate immune responses,..
Most children living in low- and middle-income countries need palliative care (PC). Colombian healthcare professionals (HCPs) know very less about pediatric palliati..
Childhood Asthma, a chronic condition, is frequently reported. International guidelines for children and young people (CYP) support using Leukotriene receptor antago..
A management model for admission and treatment of pediatric trauma employing the Theory of Constraints (TOC) was designed after scrutinizing the frequent management ..
Lengthy mechanical ventilation in premature infants can lead to adverse consequences, like bronchopulmonary dysplasia, pneumonia, impaired neuronal development etc. ..
Recent years have witnessed great advancements in assessing and managing children with growth failure. Yet it can be further improved by employing novel digital tech..
The assessment of a child's growth and nutritional status is essential before a dietary recommendation. However, evaluation of the nutrition status necessitates a se..
Evidence suggests that screen-based devices pose deleterious impacts on children’s health and development. Understanding the extent and severity of such impacts requ..
The goal of a study published in The Journal of Pediatrics was to describe the antibiotic prescribing patterns in ambulatory children with community-acquir..
Pediatric tracheostomy becomes frequently necessary for enabling long-term ventilation. A new article published in JAMA Pediatrics aimed to report hos..
A recent study explored the association between elective birth at 39 weeks of gestation and the risk of childhood developmental outcomes.This was a cohort study, tha..
A recent article reviewed evidence relating the importance of the composition of culture media on the health of embryos, fetuses, newborns, and adults generated by a..
A recent study published in Current Psychiatry Reports reviewed the current literature on neurodevelopmental profiles and autism prevalence among in..
Morbidity and mortality associated with hypothermia in preterm neonates can be averted through low-cost strategies.The aim of this study was to examine effect of mas..
A recent article discussed that the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity impose far-reaching impacts. The deleterious effects of excess adiposity during childh..
Preterm infants and infants with perinatal brain injury possess an increased incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). The Infant Motor Profile (IMP), a clini..
Growth hormone (GH) therapy is utilized since 1958 and has shown an excellent safety profile in the short term. However, its potential long-term side effects cannot ..
There is a lack of consensus regarding the definition of late-onset bacterial sepsis (LOS) in very preterm infants. A recent study thus assessed the concordance..
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) is one of the commonest diagnoses observed in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). It is associated with fatal complications like ce..
A recent study examined the implications of a range of parental emotion socialization behaviors in the context of adaptive and maladaptive child and adolescent emoti..
A recent study published in Nutrients quantified the composition of human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) of women with normal BMI (18.5-24.9 kg/m2), overweig..
The purpose of a study published in the Israel Journal of Health Policy Research was to develop a management model for admission and treatment of pediatric trauma ..
Knowledge about why and how extremely preterm infants die is crucial for practitioners caring for these infants. Thus a recent study examined risk factors, causes, t..
There exists Practice variability regarding the usage of corticosteroids in treating or preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely preterm infants, but limit..
Neonates and infants are more vulnerable to infections in comparison to adults, which are associated with mortality and morbidity. In utero, the infant is protected ..
Globally, prematurity affects 15 million infants per year and illustrates long-term neurodevelopment, motor, cognitive, linguistic, and socioemotional deficits. Alon..
Parents play a very important role in an infant’s development via interaction and the type of environment they provide for their children. However, several countries..
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a fairly common problem in neonatology. GERD is characterized by the involuntary and intermittent backflow of gastric content into..
The parents, especially the mother, after the birth of a baby, have a frequent practical query concerning how long the time during which they have to go with less an..
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is now widely used for the pediatric and neonatal population. Additionally, dramatic improvements in the technology and safety of ..
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative designates a global effort to sustain breastfeeding. This program supports longer duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding and..
Parental reflective functioning describes the parents' ability to reflect on the internal mental states of their children, which will make them react more sensitivel..
Evaluating the features of spontaneous movements and behavior in early infancy assists in estimating developmental outcomes. A recent study introduced the Infant Beh..
Advancements in neonatal care have shown improved outcomes in high-risk newborns with technologies playing a significant part although many were designed for the neo..
Neonatal anemia may hinder oxygen transport to the brain. The effect of anemia and cerebral oxygenation on neurological functioning in the early neonatal period rema..
Preterm infants contain higher nutrition needs than term infants. Single specific systematic reviews (SRs) assessed the effectiveness of various feeding supple..
AbstractLangerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder involving clonal proliferation of cells in mononuclear phagocyte system. Clinical forms of LCH are Let..
The protective effects of Kangaroo mother care (KMC) on the neurodevelopment of preterm infants are well known however the persistence of its benefits beyond infancy..
At birth, human infants are suspended to endure harsh, hostile conditions. Understanding the state of newborn skin development and maturation is crucial to maintaini..
The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal Target 2.2 aspires to end all forms of malnutrition by 2030 by meeting targets, along with eliminating stunting and ..
Among the very little published literature, none have discussed care in a neonate regarding anesthetic risk and management of the neonate with congenital bronchobili..
The present study discussed novel combinations of topical agents (i.e., zinc gluconate, zinc oxide, dexpanthenol, and taurine) that target a combination of mechanism..
One recent retrospective large-scale study examined the association between prescribing antibiotics for infants and subsequent atopic dermatitis (AD) by utilizing th..
AbstractHemangiomas are benign tumors made up of blood vessels. They usually regress spontaneously within 9 years of age. Hemangioma of retropharyngeal space is a ra..
ABSTRACTHerpes zoster (HZ) as well as varicella are caused by varicella-zoster virus. It is uncommon in children. Cases have been reported in literature among all ag..
A recent study evaluated the persistence of maternal anti-S IgG, induced by a COVID-19 vaccine, in infant blood, and compared the persistence of infant anti-S IgG fo..
Diaper dermatitis represents a common form of irritant contact dermatitis that is seen in infants and toddlers, primarily due to prolonged contact with urine, feces,..
A prospective cohort study explored and compared fetal neurosonography and infant neurobehavioral tests in spontaneously conceived (SC) and in vitro fertilization (I..
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