In the initial days of hospitalization, preterm newborns receive combinations of breastfeeding, spoon/paladai feeding, and/or gavage feeding. Each of these methods may have a different impact on vital parameters.
A recent study investigated the changes in vital parameters concerning different feeding methods and postmenstrual age (PMA) in preterm newborns. The study included physiologically stable preterm newborns with PMA <37 weeks on full enteral feeds; who were monitored for Respiratory rate (RR), pulse rate (PR), oxygen saturation (SPO2), nasal flaring, and lower chest indrawing before and up to 3 h after the breastfeeding/spoon (paladai) feeding/gavage feeding or their combinations. These vital parameters were evaluated concerning the feeding methods and PMA groups using ANOVA.
The observations were as follows-
Thus, Vital parameters showed a change after different types of feeding methods and at different PMA.
the effect of different feeding methods and PMA on vital parameters must be described in the multicentric prospective study in the future.
Patel DV, Shah D, Kantharia KA, et al. Evaluation of Pulse Rate, Oxygen Saturation, and Respiratory Effort after Different Types of Feeding Methods in Preterm Newborns. International Journal of Pediatrics.. 2022;2022. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/9962358