American Academy of Pediatrics recommended the Intramuscular administration of vitamin K for the prevention of vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) as a standard of care in 1961.
Although VKDB can be successfully prevented with vitamin K administration, its incidence is continuously rising, which may be attributable to parental refusal as well as lowered efficacy of alternate methods of administration.
Source: Hand I, Noble L, Abrams SA. Vitamin K and the Newborn Infant. Pediatrics,2022;149 (3): e2021056036. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2021-056036
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