Adenovirus outbreak: Spike in cases among children in West Bengal

Adenovirus outbreak: Spike in cases among children in West Bengal

West Bengal has seen a significant spike in respiratory infections among children since January. Of the 500 samples tested by the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED), those testing positive for adenovirus were the highest – 32%. The other two common infections detected were parainfluenza virus – 13% and rhinovirus – 12%.

Two pediatric patients succumbed to the infection on Sunday – a six-month-old and a 2.5-year-old. Although the exact cause of the fatalities has not been confirmed, there is no denying the massive in-surge of children suffering from flu-like symptoms in public and private hospitals. 

Reportedly, the state health department has requested chief medical officers in charge of different hospitals to check the preparedness of the healthcare sector in tackling the disease. 

Adenovirus infections are common and can affect people at any time of the year. The condition is more common in children. The symptoms are usually mild-to-severe; those among children are:

  • Fever
  • Cough and cold
  • Sore throat
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis) 

Immunocompromised patients and those with comorbidities are the most susceptible. Some patients may also present with nausea, vomiting, watery stools, and abdominal pain. The disease may progress to pneumonia and acute bronchitis if complications persist. 

Further, the infection is contagious and primarily spreads through air droplets, water contamination, and fecal contact. Close contact with an infected person/child must be avoided, such as handshaking. School-going children must be taught hand-washing and to avoid touching their mouths, nose, and eyes, especially when outdoors.

Surface contamination by adenovirus is also likely, and the virus is resistant to common disinfectants. The infection can also spread by touching a surface that has been in contact with an infected person.

No specific treatment has been defined for this viral infection. In most cases, diagnosis is based on the patient’s history and clinical presentation. Usually, the symptoms are mild and supportive treatments can ameliorate the symptoms. The disease is more common in children and some patients may require hospitalization if complications precipitate.

user
IJCP Editorial Team

Comprising seasoned professionals and experts from the medical field, the IJCP editorial team is dedicated to delivering timely and accurate content and thriving to provide attention-grabbing information for the readers. What sets them apart are their diverse expertise, spanning academia, research, and clinical practice, and their dedication to upholding the highest standards of quality and integrity. With a wealth of experience and a commitment to excellence, the IJCP editorial team strives to provide valuable perspectives, the latest trends, and in-depth analyses across various medical domains, all in a way that keeps you interested and engaged.

 More FAQs by IJCP Editorial Team

pedia1
pedia3
Logo

Medtalks is India's fastest growing Healthcare Learning and Patient Education Platform designed and developed to help doctors and other medical professionals to cater educational and training needs and to discover, discuss and learn the latest and best practices across 100+ medical specialties. Also find India Healthcare Latest Health News & Updates on the India Healthcare at Medtalks