In this video, Dr. Manisha Agarwal, Vitreo-retina surgeon, Dr. Shroffs Charity Hospital, will talk about the retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ROP is disease which is found in premature babies who are born before nine months and are put in incubators for a month or so. Dr. Manisha will explain that the retina of the baby forms completely in the 9th month and if the baby is born before the 9th month, the retina is not completely formed. With the environmental changes, the retina may form in an abnormal way which causes traction on the retina leading to its detachment. It might cause a permanent loss of vision in the baby. It is recommended that thorough retinal check up is done 4 – 6 weeks after the baby is born.