Cardamom is a spice with a strong, somewhat sweet taste that some people associate with mint. It originated in India but is now accessible globally and is used in both sweet and savory dishes. It comes in various kinds and is known by several names, including badi elaichi, chhoti elaichi, black elaichi, and moti elaichi. Aside from enhancing the flavor of your dishes, cardamom / elaichi has a variety of additional applications. Many of us are still unaware of how it helps us keep good skin and improves our overall fitness. Cardamom seeds, oils, and extracts are considered to have powerful therapeutic qualities and have been used in traditional medicine for generations.
1.Elaichi may Reduce Blood Pressure by Antioxidant & Diuretic PropertiesElaichi may Reduce Blood Pressure by Antioxidant & Diuretic Properties
Cardamom may be beneficial to those who have high blood pressure. In one trial, 20 people with newly diagnosed high blood pressure were given three grams of cardamom powder daily. Blood pressure readings have dropped considerably to the normal range after 12 weeks. The high amounts of antioxidants in cardamom may be responsible for the good outcomes of this study. By the end of the research, the antioxidant status of the individuals had improved by 90%. Blood pressure has been linked to antioxidants. Researchers believe the spice may reduce blood pressure owing to its diuretic impact, which means it might increase urine to eliminate water that has accumulated in your body, for example around the heart.
2.Elaichi may Contain Cancer-Fighting Compounds
Cardamom contains chemicals that may aid in the fight against cancer cells. Cardamom powder has been proven in animal studies to boost the activity of specific enzymes that help fight cancer. The spice may also improve natural killer cells' capacity to fight cancers.In one study, researchers exposed two groups of mice to a skin cancer-causing chemical and gave one group 500 mg of powdered cardamom per kg (227 mg per pound) of body weight each day.After 12 weeks, just 29 percent of the cardamom-eating group got cancer, compared to more than 90 percent of the control group.
3.Elaichi has the Potential to Protect Against Chronic Diseases because of the Anti-Inflammatory Effects
Cardamom has chemicals that may help combat inflammation.When your body is exposed to foreign chemicals, it becomes inflamed. Acute inflammation is important and helpful, but persistent inflammation can result in chronic illnesses. Antioxidants, which are abundant in cardamom, protect cells from harm and prevent inflammation.In one research, cardamom extract at dosages of 50–100 mg per kg (23–46 mg per pound) of body weight was found to be efficient in suppressing at least four distinct inflammatory chemicals in rats.Another study in rats found that consuming cardamom powder reduced liver inflammation caused by a high carbohydrate and fat diet.Though there haven't been as many studies on cardamom's anti-inflammatory benefits in people, evidence suggests that supplements can boost antioxidant levels by up to 90%.
4.Elaichi may aid in the Treatment of Digestive Issues such as Ulcers
Cardamom has been used to aid digestion for thousands of years. It is frequently used with other medicinal spices to alleviate pain, nausea, and vomiting.The most investigated characteristic of cardamom in terms of gastrointestinal disorders is its potential capacity to cure ulcers.In one research, rats were given hot water extracts of cardamom, turmeric, and sembung leaf before being given large doses of aspirin to cause stomach ulcers. When compared to rats who simply took aspirin, these rats developed fewer ulcers.Cardamom extract was shown to be more effective than a popular anti-ulcer drug at dosages of 12.5 mg per kg (5.7 mg per pound) of body weight.Cardamom may also protect against Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium associated with the formation of most stomach ulcers, according to in vitro study.More study is needed to determine whether the spice has the same impact on ulcers in humans.
5.Elaichi has the Potential to Treat Bad Breath & Prevent Cavities
Cardamom has been used for centuries to cure foul breath and enhance dental health.It's traditional in certain cultures to consume whole cardamom pods after a meal to freshen your breath.Wrigley, a chewing gum maker, utilizes the spice in one of their products. Cardamom's ability to combat common oral germs may explain why it can cause minty fresh breath.According to one study, cardamom extracts were helpful in combating five germs that cause tooth cavities. In certain test-tube situations, the extracts inhibited bacterial growth by up to 0.82 inches (2.08 cm).According to another study, cardamom extract can lower the number of germs in saliva samples by 54%. However, because all of these investigations were done in test tubes, it is uncertain how the findings may relate to humans.
6.Elaichi may have Antibacterial Properties & can be used to Treat Infections
Cardamom has antibacterial properties outside of the mouth and may be used to treat infections.According to research, cardamom extracts and essential oils have components that fight numerous common types of bacteria.One test-tube investigation looked at the effect of these extracts on drug-resistant Candida strains, which can cause fungal infections. Some strains' growth was inhibited by the extracts by 0.39–0.59 inches. An additional test-tube study discovered that cardamom essential oils and extracts were just as powerful, if not more so than conventional medicines against E. coli and Staphylococcus, germs that can cause food poisoning.Cardamom essential oils have also been proven in test tubes to combat the bacterium Salmonella, which causes food poisoning, and Campylobacter, which causes stomach irritation.Existing research on cardamom's antibacterial properties has only looked at isolated strains of bacteria in the laboratory. As a result, the data is currently insufficient to suggest that the spice would have the same impact on people.
7.Elaichi has the Potential to Lower Blood Sugar Levels
Cardamom, when consumed as a powder, has been shown to decrease blood sugar levels.According to one study, giving rats a high-fat, high-carbohydrate (HFHC) diet caused their blood sugar levels to remain higher for longer than if they were on a regular diet.When rats on the HFHC diet were given cardamom powder, their blood sugar did not remain high for any longer than rats on a regular diet's blood sugar. However, in individuals with type 2 diabetes, the powder may not have the same impact.
8.Elaichi Helps Reduce Anxiety
According to one rat research, cardamom extract may help reduce nervous behaviors. This might be because low antioxidant levels in the blood have been related to the development of anxiety and other mood disorders.
9.Elaichi may cause Weight Loss
In a study of 80 overweight and obese prediabetic women, researchers discovered a connection between cardamom and a modestly decreased waist circumference. However, no substantial benefits have been reported in rat trials on weight reduction owing to the spice.According to a small number of studies, cardamom supplements may reduce waist circumference, as well as prevent anxiety behavior and fatty liver. The causes for these benefits are unknown, although they may be related to the spice's high antioxidant concentration.
10.Elaichi Provides Liver Protection
Cardamom extract may reduce increased liver enzymes, triglyceride, and cholesterol levels. They may help lower the risk of fatty liver disease by preventing liver enlargement and weight gain.
The Bottom Line
Cardamom is an old Ayurvedic medicine with several therapeutic effects. It has the potential to reduce blood pressure, improve breathing, and help in weight loss.Furthermore, animal and test-tube studies suggest that cardamom may help fight cancers, reduce anxiety, combat germs, and protect your liver, albeit the evidence is less in these situations.Most individuals can safely use cardamom in their cuisine. Cardamom supplements and extracts have not been fully investigated and should be used only under the supervision of a healthcare practitioner.
A motivated student of Medicine & Surgery (MBBS) at R. G. Kar Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata, having a knack for reading and composing medical literature. When he's not writing content for MEDtalks, Swapnil is usually looking up the latest trends and innovations in Medicine.