Marburg Virus Outbreak

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported the Marburg virus outbreak in Tanzania – the first such incidence in this country. The records suggest at least eight suspected cases and five fatalities. Reportedly three patients are under treatment, while 161 contacts have been quarantined and are being closely monitored. 

The WHO is to send its medical teams to the affected areas of this country and is planning to provide personal protective equipment (PPE) for healthcare workers.

The symptoms of this disease include – fever, vomiting, and bleeding. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) describes Marburg virus disease as a ‘rare hemorrhagic fever’. This RNA virus is a member of the filovirus family. The disease, although rare, is associated with high fatality rates. 

The virus can be transmitted through infected African fruit bats or their excreta. Amongst people, the infection can spread via direct contact with bodily fluids and secretions or through surface contamination. Healthcare professionals are at higher risk of contracting the disease.


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