Dengue – a viral mosquito-borne disease, is transmitted to humans by the Aedes aegypti mosquito bites and can reach epidemic proportions during monsoons.
This year, Delhi has already recorded 136 Dengue cases so far. The viral infection (DENV) is highly contagious; the symptoms include – high fever, severe headaches, joint and muscle pain, rash, and in severe cases, hemorrhagic manifestations.
Warning signs of severe dengue are – abdominal pain and swelling, vomiting blood, bleeding from the nose or gums, and altered consciousness. Early diagnosis and supportive care are essential as no specific antiviral therapies are available.
Treatment involves hydration and symptom management; recovery may take several weeks. Preventive measures include:
• Eliminating mosquito breeding sites.
• Using mosquito repellents.
• Wearing protective clothing.
• Ensuring proper door and window screens.
Following these precautions and seeking timely medical advice can help avoid complications and hospitalization.
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