Defense Strategies Against Oral Infections

Many oral infections can be prevented by maintaining good oral hygiene.

  • Follow these tips to prevent the risk of oral Infections-

The Do's:

  • Brush Regularly: at least twice a day for two minutes each time. Use a soft-bristled brush and fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss Daily: because it helps remove food particles and plaque from between your teeth and along the gumline. 
  • Use Mouthwash: preferably those containing Povidone-iodine because of its anti-septic properties.1
  • Eat a Balanced Diet: rich in fruits and vegetables to strengthen your teeth and gums. 2
  • Replace Your Toothbrush: every three to four months or sooner if the bristles are frayed.
  • Visit the Dentist regularly: to catch problems early and receive guidance on maintaining oral health.
  • Quit Smoking: because tobacco use risks gum disease and oral cancer.2
The Don'ts:
  • Don't skip dental appointments: even if you're feeling fine, because prevention is better than cure.
  • Don't consume excessive sugary foods and drinks: as they can lead to tooth decay.
  • Don't consume too much alcohol: as they can contribute to oral health problems.2
  • Don't smoke or chew tobacco: as they can cause gum disease and oral cancer.2
Additional considerations:
In Children: Restrict bottle feeding to meal times, and don't allow your baby to sleep with a bottle to prevent early childhood caries.
In Women: Hormonal changes during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause can impact oral health. Hence, they should maintain good oral hygiene and not skip dental appointments.
In Older Adults: missing teeth or ill-fitting dentures can affect the ability to chew and swallow properly. Hence, get your teeth fixed as soon as possible.
In People with HIV/AIDS: there is an increased risk of oral infections. Hence, Regular dental checkups are crucial.

Maintaining these simple tips can help you prevent the risk of oral infections.

Referencing-
1. Amtha R, Kanagalingam J. Povidone-iodine in dental and oral health: a narrative review. J Int Oral Health 2020;12:407-12.
2. WHO[Internet]. Oral health; updated on: 14 March 2023; Cited on: 09 October 2023. Available from:https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/oral-health

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