Defense Strategies Against Oral Infections

Many oral infections can be prevented by maintaining good oral hygiene.

  • Follow these tips to prevent the risk of oral Infections-

The Do's:

  • Brush Regularly: at least twice a day for two minutes each time. Use a soft-bristled brush and fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss Daily: because it helps remove food particles and plaque from between your teeth and along the gumline. 
  • Use Mouthwash: preferably those containing Povidone-iodine because of its anti-septic properties.1
  • Eat a Balanced Diet: rich in fruits and vegetables to strengthen your teeth and gums. 2
  • Replace Your Toothbrush: every three to four months or sooner if the bristles are frayed.
  • Visit the Dentist regularly: to catch problems early and receive guidance on maintaining oral health.
  • Quit Smoking: because tobacco use risks gum disease and oral cancer.2
The Don'ts:
  • Don't skip dental appointments: even if you're feeling fine, because prevention is better than cure.
  • Don't consume excessive sugary foods and drinks: as they can lead to tooth decay.
  • Don't consume too much alcohol: as they can contribute to oral health problems.2
  • Don't smoke or chew tobacco: as they can cause gum disease and oral cancer.2
Additional considerations:
In Children: Restrict bottle feeding to meal times, and don't allow your baby to sleep with a bottle to prevent early childhood caries.
In Women: Hormonal changes during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause can impact oral health. Hence, they should maintain good oral hygiene and not skip dental appointments.
In Older Adults: missing teeth or ill-fitting dentures can affect the ability to chew and swallow properly. Hence, get your teeth fixed as soon as possible.
In People with HIV/AIDS: there is an increased risk of oral infections. Hence, Regular dental checkups are crucial.

Maintaining these simple tips can help you prevent the risk of oral infections.

1. Amtha R, Kanagalingam J. Povidone-iodine in dental and oral health: a narrative review. J Int Oral Health 2020;12:407-12.
2. WHO[Internet]. Oral health; updated on: 14 March 2023; Cited on: 09 October 2023. Available from:


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