In this video, Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks, will talk about the potassium level in cardiovascular patients. In patients with low ejection fraction, eGFR has to be checked. To reduce the potassium levels, certain precautions has to be taken. Painkillers needs to be stopped as many of them might contain potassium. They should be given low potassium diet. He will further explain about the low potassium diet.
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Agarwal, Professor and Head of Nephrology, AIIMS, will talk about the different investigations while evaluating CKD in this video. He says that the decision to use ultrasound, CT scan or MRI is mostly based on what is the suspecting cause or the indication for it. It is not guided by the degree of chronic kidney disease.
In this video, Dr. Sanjay Kumar Agarwal, Professor and Head of Nephrology, AIIMS, will discuss about calcium carbonate versus calcium acetate. Both have similar physiological properties but elementary calcium is different. Large number of tablets are taken with calcium carbonate whereas less number of tablets are required for calcium acetate.
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Agarwal, Professor and Head of Nephrology, AIIMS, will explain the calcium phosphorus metabolism in this video. In CKD patient, there is an increase in phosphate, decrease in calcium and decrease in Vitamin D3. Treatment should be to bring the phosphate level to normal and then build up calcium levels.
This video talks about polycystic ovarian syndrome by Dr. Neena Malhotra, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Delhi. PCOS is the polycystic ovarian syndrome which is heterogenous affecting women from adolescence to reproductive and menopausal age. She will further discuss the clinical presentation of PCOS in each age group.
Dr. Neena Malhotra, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Delhi, will discuss about the cardial feature for diagnoss of PCOS in this video. The main three features of PCOS are: menstrual irregularities, weight gain in young girls and symptoms of excess androgens. She will further describe how the PCOS females might have acne, excess hair growth on face, hands or thighs. She will also highlight on the infertility aspect of PCOS.
The video talks about the approach of a GP to diagnose PCOS by Dr. Neena Malhotra, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Delhi. Lot of young women are facing this problem and are not consulting doctor to get it treated. Mostly GPs can handle this management part of PCOS and they shouldn’t miss the diagnosis. The symptoms of the disease can be managed with lifestyle modifications. She will further talk about the management of PCOS and how the GPs are the first point of contact for general public.
In this video, Dr. Neena Malhotra, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Delhi, will discuss pregnancy with twins. In earlier days, suspecting twins were not easy but in present days, ultrasound is available and requesting the lady to undergo at least one or two ultrasonography. She will further talk about the vanishing twin in the uterus. She will talk about medico-legal aspect if the twin pregnancy is missed during ultrasound and whether it is possible for the sonologist to miss it.
In this video, Dr. Neena Malhotra, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Delhi, will discuss about the PCOS and the management. All the gynaecologists and endocrinologists generally follow the Rotterdam criteria 2003. She will further explain the PCOS in details. The first basic investigation is the ultrasound scan for enlarged ovaries or polycystic. She will further talk on the diagnostic evaluation of PCOS.
Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks, will talk about angioplasty in coronary artery obstructive disease in this video. He will explain that before any procedure, hemoglobin levels should be checked. Inappropriate tachycardia can be due to anemia. He will further explain the tests done in such patients and after correction of the parameters if the patient is stable then should put them on medical management.
Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks, will discuss about the rheumatic heart disease and its management. If the patient is symptomatic and valve area is less than 1.5 then balloon valvotomy or mitral valve repair. If the patient is asymptomatic then follow up is needed every one to two years. Also, rule out other possibilities of breathless such as anemia, thyroid problems, lung function test, etc.