FAQs - Emergency Medicine

Tags in Emergency Medicine

  • What is Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV)?
    What is Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV)?
    KK Aggarwal

    In this video, Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks will explain about the non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV). Nowadays, patients are put on the non-invasive positive pressure ventilation unless indicated otherwise. All patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema or type 2 respiratory failure, the NPPV is sufficient unless they have altered mental status, abundant secretions or unexplained vomiting. Almost 60- 90 % of the cases can be managed by non-invasive ventilation procedure.

  • Can aspirin be given in an ambulance or at home in patient suspected to have had a heart attack?
    Can aspirin be given in an ambulance or at home in patient suspected to have had a heart attack?
    KK Aggarwal
    In this video, Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks, will discuss whether an aspirin can prevent a heart attack if given in ambulance or at home if suspected to have heart attack in a patient.  At the diagnosis of a heart attack, the patient should be given water soluble 300mg of aspirin wherever the patient gets it. All heart patients should keep the strip of aspirin in their pocket or at home or in car or office. All doctors should also keep a strip in their clinic or car.
  • How should we classify and treat clostridium difficile infection?
    How should we classify and treat clostridium difficile infection?
    KK Aggarwal

    In this video, Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks, will discuss about the classification and treatment of clostridium difficile infection. It is a hospital acquired infection also seen in community acquired infections. It can be non-severe, severe or fulminant. Dr. Aggarwal will further explain each type in details. Patients with clostridium difficile requires immediate antibiotic treatment. The preventive measure for this infection is hand wash with soap whenever possible.

  • What is FAST?
    What is FAST?
    KK Aggarwal

    Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks, will explain about FAST acronym in this video. FAST is an acronym for early diagnosis of stroke or paralysis. F means facial dropping, A means weakness of the upper or lower arm, S means speech difficulty and T means time denoting how long these symptoms were present. If these symptoms are present for an hour and a clot dissolving medicine is given immediately then stroke can be reversed. This period is known as the golden hour. He will further talk about the second window period which is of 4.5 hours in which the TPA or clot dissolving medicine should be given.

  • In a patient with paralysis, is the acute rise in blood pressure treated?
    In a patient with paralysis, is the acute rise in blood pressure treated?
    KK Aggarwal

    In this video, Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks, will talk about whether in a patient with paralysis, they should treat the acute rise in blood pressure. If the doctor is contemplating in giving TPA, then keep the systolic blood pressure below 165 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure below 110 mmHg. He will further state that the blood pressure should be kept below 180/105 mmHg. He will also discuss the treatment or management if no TPA is given and the patient is on conservative treatment.

  • Explain the checklist in emergency for a patient with stroke?
    Explain the checklist in emergency for a patient with stroke?
    KK Aggarwal

    Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks, will talk about the checklist of emergency management in a patient with stroke in this video. Aspirin should be started within 48 hours, DVT prophylaxis, and start statins as early as possible. Within 1 hour TPA is given. Dr. Aggarwal will further talk about the time limit and what should be done within 24 hours. He will also talk about the parameters which are needed to be stabilized.

  • What is the definition of sepsis?
    What is the definition of sepsis?
    Yash Javeri

    Dr. Yash Javeri, Critical Care Expert, Secretary of Society of Critical Care Medicine, New Delhi, will explain about sepsis in this video. Sepsis is severe life threatening condition secondary to infections. He will further talk on the morbidity and mortality of sepsis.

  • Who cares about sepsis?
    Who cares about sepsis?
    Yash Javeri

    In this video, Dr. Yash Javeri, Critical Care Expert, Secretary of Society of Critical Care Medicine, New Delhi, will discuss about the sepsis and who cares about it. Management of sepsis requires comprehensive teamwork as it is a life threatening condition leading to organ dysfunction. It requires support of multidisciplinary specialists.

  • What is the difference between sepsis & septic shock?
    What is the difference between sepsis & septic shock?
    Yash Javeri

    The video talks about the difference between sepsis and septic shock by Dr. Yash Javeri, Critical Care Expert, Secretary of Society of Critical Care Medicine, New Delhi. There are no definite definitions of sepsis and septic shock. The difference between them is high morbidity and mortality in septic shock. Sepsis remains a statistical problem. He will further explain the criteria which is used to diagnose sepsis.

  • Why is mortality high in sepsis?
    Why is mortality high in sepsis?
    Yash Javeri

    Dr. Yash Javeri, Critical Care Expert, Secretary of Society of Critical Care Medicine, New Delhi, will talk about the mortality in sepsis in this video. Sepsis leads to organ dysfunction if it is not controlled. Early organ support, early intervention and management is necessary for avoiding complications. Prompt and correct antibiotics are very essential in the management of sepsis.

  • What is a sepsis team & sepsis code?
    What is a sepsis team & sepsis code?
    Yash Javeri

    In this video, Dr. Yash Javeri, Critical Care Expert, Secretary of Society of Critical Care Medicine, New Delhi, discusses about sepsis team and code. Sepsis team includes intensivist, paediatric intensivist, clinical microbiologist, critical care nurse, infection control specialist, emergency physician radiologist or a surgeon as per the requirement of the patient. Sepsis code is generated and the alert goes to all the team members which saves time and early intervention can be done.

  • What is the need for sepsis code?
    What is the need for sepsis code?
    Yash Javeri

    Dr. Yash Javeri, Critical Care Expert, Secretary of Society of Critical Care Medicine, New Delhi, will explain the need for sepsis code in this video. Sepsis patients are in wards, OPD and often diagnosis of sepsis is missed. Sepsis patients require early recognition and management. They also need specialist care. Hence, there is a need for team code which can help reduce mortality.

.