Osteoporosis is a disease process that thins the bones to a point that the bone is not strong enough to withstand everyday stress and it breaks/fractures. The pathophysiology of osteoporosis is due to the function of osteoclast activity versus osteoblast activity. In osteoporosis, the osteoclasts start to outwork the osteoblasts. Osteoblasts build up the matrix of the spongy bone by using the excessive amount of calcium and phosphorus present in the bone. The risk factors for developing osteoporosis include low calcium and vitamin D intake, older age, smoking, regular alcohol usage, sedentary lifestyle or immobility, genetics, being underweight (BMI less than 19), thin, small frame, medications (glucocorticoids and anticonvulsants). On the other hand, nursing care for osteoporosis includes safety (preventing further fractures), education on medication and prevention, assessing for signs and symptoms/risk factors, and monitoring for side effects of medications. In this video, let us have a quick glance at the various aspects of osteoporosis and take opinions from the experts to prevent it.
Chairman & Head - Endocrinology & Diabetology, Max Healthcare (Pan Max)
Dr. Ambrish Mithal is an Indian endocrinologist, diabetologist and the Chairman and Head of Endocrinology and Diabetes division of Medanta, the Medicity, A Super Specialty Hospital located at Gurgaon, Haryana. Dr. Mithal was Honoured by the Government of India in 2015 with Padma Bhushan, the third highest Indian civilian award and also with Dr. BC Roy Award for Best Talents in Encouraging the Development of Specialities in different branches in Medicine. Dr. Mithal has made pioneering contribution to the development of the Specialty of endocrinology in India in all its aspects- academic, clinical and social and has played a key role in placing Indian endocrinology on the global map. Dr. Ambrish Mithal is the first and only Indian to receive the Boy Frame Award of the American Society of Bone and Mineral Research, in 2004. He also received the International Osteoporosis Foundation Health Professional Awareness award (for ISBMR) in 2005. His paper on Global Vitamin D Status was awarded the Springer citation prize in 2013. He has received numerous awards from various Indian associations, including Doctor of the year (2005), Distinguished contribution in the field of medicine, Medical statesman of the year and others.
Professor & Head of Orthopaedics & Chief, J P N Apex Trauma Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi
Dr Rajesh Malhotra is a Professor & Head of Orthopaedics & Chief, J P N Apex Trauma Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi. Dr Malhotra completed his MBBS from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India in year 1984 and he completed his Master of Surgery MS (Orthopaedics) from same in year 1988.
AO, FRACP, MBBS, MD Head of the Department, Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences
AO, FRACP, MBBS, MD Head of the Department, Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences, Monash Health, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences in Melbourne, Australia Immediate Past-President, ASBMR. Professor Peter Ebeling AO completed his MBBS at The University of Melbourne. During his doctoral studies with esteemed medical scientist Professor Jack Martin, Peter's team discovered a new hormone, PTHrP, involved in cancer and normal calcium metabolism. Peter conducted further clinical research in osteoporosis as a post-doctoral fellow at the Mayo Clinic and as a visiting research fellow at the Botnar Centre, Oxford University Institute of Musculoskeletal Sciences.
Professor & Head Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Christian Medical College, Vellore- 632004, Tamilnadu.
Dr. Thomas V. Paul is a Professor & Head, Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Christian Medical College, Vellore- 632004, Tamilnadu. He is a Reviewer of Journals (National & International) for Endocrine Practice, Archives of Obstretics and Gynaecology, Journal of Diabetologia, Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, Clinical Endocrinology.
Prochancellor, Nitte University CEO, Tejasvini Hospital, Mangaluru.
Dr. Prof Shantharam Shetty is a Prochancellor, Nitte University CEO, Tejasvini Hospital, Mangaluru. Prof. Dr. Shantharam Shetty Sir with more than 35 years' experience, is an Orthopedic Surgeon of International Repute, a teacher par Excellence and an able Administrator. He is renowned in his field and has performed numerous successful knee replacements.
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