Most family physicians are not clear when to Refer a Patient in Cases of Congenital & Valvular Heart Diseases.


Dr IB Vijaylakshmi, Professor of Pediatric Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences & Research, Bengaluru, will discuss when the family physicians should refer a patient with congenital and valvular heart diseases. She will discuss about Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) which is generally not closed in India. If the young patient is symptomatic and has cryptogenic stroke or embolism. Unless indicated the PFO is not closed. She will also talk about the defect in the ventricular septum and its intervention. Large ventricular septum defect needs surgical intervention and small defects might close on its own. She further will explain about mitral valve and aortic valve intervention too.


Dr. IB Vijayalakshmi

Professor of pediatric cardiology Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research India

Vijayalakshmi, MD Gold medalist, skilled interventionalist, pioneer in Paediatric cardiology. Brilliant academic career, secured 22 gold medals, 52 publications, 105 research papers (32 international), delivered 210 scientific lectures Authored “Step by Step to ECHO in CHD” and edited monogram on “ARF & RHD”. Proposed the Echo criteria for the early and precise diagnosis of carditis in Acute Rheumatic fever and National Policy for Congenital Heart Disease. Best presentation award for “My nightmare case” at PICS at Chicago and in Boston, first prize for outstanding scientific presentation at World Congress of Echocardiography. Has received many prestigious awards for her academic and literary work.


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