Healthy fats must be included in our meals as they are essential to a balanced diet. However, people should be advised against overconsumption/overuse of healthy oils, such as olive oil. While fats play a crucial role in our bodies, providing energy and supporting vital functions, overconsumption of a particular type of fat can lead to weight gain, causing unfavorable changes in our cholesterol profile and increasing the risk of metabolic5 diseases.
Dr. Tarun Sahani, Senior Consultant in Internal Medicine at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Delhi, emphasizes the importance of moderation and balanced meals regarding fat consumption. Understanding the distinction between beneficial cholesterol (HDL) and harmful cholesterol (LDL) and their impact on cardiovascular health is essential. While incorporating healthy fats, such as monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats found in avocados, nuts, seeds, and fatty fish, can be beneficial. Excessive intake of even "healthy fats" without incorporating other essential components of the recommended balanced diet can result in nutritional deficiencies and increased caloric intake.
Since cardiovascular diseases are prevalent in India, maintaining optimal fat consumption is important, and more so owing to the genetic predisposition of the population to developing hypercholesterolemia. Achieving a healthy cholesterol profile involves incorporating a variety of foods rich in fiber, antioxidants, and micronutrients, engaging in regular physical activity, managing weight, and avoiding excessive consumption of processed foods and trans-fats.
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