Dr. Sanjay Kumar Agarwal, Professor and Head of Nephrology, AIIMS, will talk about the different investigations while evaluating CKD in this video. He says that the decision to use ultrasound, CT scan or MRI is mostly based on what is the suspecting cause or the indication for it. It is not guided by the degree of chronic kidney disease.
In this video, Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks with Dr. Manish Gupta, Radiologist, will discuss about ultrasound, CT scan or MRI. He will talk about ultrasound and when it is indicated such as abdominal pain, gallbladder and kidney problems. Almost for every indication ultrasound is indicated. And as compared to cost, it is affordable than MRI. He will further discuss about the MRI and CT scan also.
In this video, Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks with Dr. Manish Gupta, Radiologist, will discuss about the CT scan radiation dosage. He will explain that the number of slides on a CT scan will not have any effect to radiation exposure. The newer slides have newer technologies which might reduce the radiation dose. He will talk about the different parameters available on CT machine and the technologists decide the amount of radiation dosage administered to the patient.
In this video, Dr. K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and Group Editor in Chief MEDtalks, will talk about the residual urine during ultrasound of a prostate. Whenever a patient show prostatic symptoms, then residual urine is checked before and after full voiding. If the urine retained is less than 25% of the pre-void volume, don not get concerned. Only more than 25% volume of residual urine needs treatment.
Dr. Jaya Pancholy, Integrative Holistic Medicine Practitioner, USA, will talk about whether mammography has to be routinely done in India in this video. Dr. Jaya will talk about thermography in details. Many people are going through thermography instead of mammogram. She says that it is a women’s choice which option to choose and avoid more radiation.
Dr. Vinod Kumar Singh, Senior Consultant, Critical Care, Sri Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi will talk on diagnosis of pulmonary embolism in this video. Pulmonary embolism is a dangerous condition which if left undiagnosed or untreated can lead to death. Dr. Singh will explain the clinical symptoms along with investigations. The most important symptom is shortness of breath along with certain risk factors such as obesity, hospitalized patient, etc. Patients should be investigated according to the presentation of the symptoms. The best investigation is the CT pulmonary angiography.
In this video, Dr. P K Julka, Senior Director, Oncology Daycare Center, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi, will talk about 5 year survival rate in prostate cancers. In prostate cancer, the PSA levels are checked and in biopsy, the gleason score is seen. Gleason score gives the histopathological view of prostate cancer. He will further explain about Gleason score in details.
Dr. P K Julka, Senior Director, Oncology Daycare Center, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi, will discuss the advances in cancer radiation in this video. There are many advances in radiation therapy. In earlier times, radiation was given by cobalt therapy. Nowadays, there are linear accelerators. Instead of gamma radiation, there are X-rays. He will further talk about image guided intensity modulated IMRT, IGRT and tomotherapy.
In this video, Dr. P K Julka, Senior Director, Oncology Daycare Center, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi, will discuss the role of PET CT in diagnosis. PET-CT plays an important role in the diagnosis because in most of the cancers, it is not known where the cancer has spread. Through PET scan, the area can be known and treated accordingly. PET scan cannot trace brain lesions so MRI of brain is necessary.
Dr. P K Julka, Senior Director, Oncology Daycare Centre, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi, will talk on when to do screening mammography in this video. Screening mammography should be done for those patients who has a positive family history or above the age of 45 to 70 years. In younger age, they should go for MRI or ultrasound.
In this video, Dr. P K Julka, Senior Director, Oncology Daycare Center, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi, will talk about when to do screening colonoscopy. In India, colonoscopy is not done regularly. Chronic smokers, alternate constipation and diarrhea, altered bowel habits, family history of colonic cancer or lynch syndrome should do colonoscopy once in three years after the age of 40.